THE HIMALAYAN TALK: INDIAN GOVERNMENT FOOD SECURITY PROGRAM RISKIER

http://youtu.be/NrcmNEjaN8c The government of India has announced food security program ahead of elections in 2014. We discussed the issue with Palash Biswas in Kolkata today. http://youtu.be/NrcmNEjaN8c Ahead of Elections, India's Cabinet Approves Food Security Program ______________________________________________________ By JIM YARDLEY http://india.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/04/indias-cabinet-passes-food-security-law/

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICAL OF BAMCEF LEADERSHIP

[Palash Biswas, one of the BAMCEF leaders and editors for Indian Express spoke to us from Kolkata today and criticized BAMCEF leadership in New Delhi, which according to him, is messing up with Nepalese indigenous peoples also. He also flayed MP Jay Narayan Prasad Nishad, who recently offered a Puja in his New Delhi home for Narendra Modi's victory in 2014.]

THE HIMALAYAN DISASTER: TRANSNATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT MECHANISM A MUST

We talked with Palash Biswas, an editor for Indian Express in Kolkata today also. He urged that there must a transnational disaster management mechanism to avert such scale disaster in the Himalayas. http://youtu.be/7IzWUpRECJM

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS LASHES OUT KATHMANDU INT'L 'MULVASI' CONFERENCE

अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।' http://youtu.be/j8GXlmSBbbk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS LASHES OUT KATHMANDU INT'L 'MULVASI' CONFERENCE

अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।' http://youtu.be/j8GXlmSBbbk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS BLASTS INDIANS THAT CLAIM BUDDHA WAS BORN IN INDIA

THE HIMALAYAN VOICE: PALASH BISWAS DISCUSSES RAM MANDIR

Published on 10 Apr 2013 Palash Biswas spoke to us from Kolkota and shared his views on Visho Hindu Parashid's programme from tomorrow ( April 11, 2013) to build Ram Mandir in disputed Ayodhya. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=77cZuBunAGk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALSH BISWAS FLAYS SOUTH ASIAN GOVERNM

Palash Biswas, lashed out those 1% people in the government in New Delhi for failure of delivery and creating hosts of problems everywhere in South Asia. http://youtu.be/lD2_V7CB2Is

Palash Biswas on BAMCEF UNIFICATION!

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS ON NEPALI SENTIMENT, GORKHALAND, KUMAON AND GARHWAL ETC.and BAMCEF UNIFICATION! Published on Mar 19, 2013 The Himalayan Voice Cambridge, Massachusetts United States of America

BAMCEF UNIFICATION CONFERENCE 7

Published on 10 Mar 2013 ALL INDIA BAMCEF UNIFICATION CONFERENCE HELD AT Dr.B. R. AMBEDKAR BHAVAN,DADAR,MUMBAI ON 2ND AND 3RD MARCH 2013. Mr.PALASH BISWAS (JOURNALIST -KOLKATA) DELIVERING HER SPEECH. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLL-n6MrcoM http://youtu.be/oLL-n6MrcoM

Imminent Massive earthquake in the Himalayas

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICIZES GOVT FOR WORLD`S BIGGEST BLACK OUT

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICIZES GOVT FOR WORLD`S BIGGEST BLACK OUT

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS TALKS AGAINST CASTEIST HEGEMONY IN SOUTH ASIA

Palash Biswas on Citizenship Amendment Act

Mr. PALASH BISWAS DELIVERING SPEECH AT BAMCEF PROGRAM AT NAGPUR ON 17 & 18 SEPTEMBER 2003 Sub:- CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT 2003 http://youtu.be/zGDfsLzxTXo

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Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Another defender of Manusmriti System argues that The reservations in jobs and educational institutions should be only on economic backwardness basis and it should not be on caste or creed basis

Another defender of Manusmriti System argues that The reservations in jobs and educational institutions should be only on economic backwardness basis and it should not be on caste or creed basis!

Forward Caste (also known as Forward Class,Forward Community, and General Class) is a term used in India to denote groups of people who do not qualify for any of the positive discrimination schemes operated by the government of India. These schemes are known as Reservation Benefits. Those groups who do so qualify are listed as Other Backward Castes or Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and they can take advantage of defined quotas for education benefits, government employment and political representation. The lists of Forward, Other Backward and Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes are compiled irrespective of religion.[1][2][3] The lists are subject to change from time to time, dependent upon social, educational and economic factors. However, although lists are produced for those groups entitled to take advantage of the quotas, there is no such list for the Forward Caste group; if a person does not belong to any of the listed groups then that person is by default a member of a group classed as Forward Caste.

 

 
 
 
 
 Population
Different Castes and reservations available in India.
Estimates put the forward Castes population at anywhere from 5-15%.[4][5] However, a national sample survey estimates Forward Caste population almost same as Backward Castes at around 36%. Family health survey combined forward Castes population along with all communities of other religions. If you exclude Backward Castes of other religions, then it is around 38.6% which is more than Backward Castes population. State wise Forward Caste Population can be found from the chart.

 Population by State

Status of Reservation Quotas in various states of India

The below table gives the proportion of the Households belonging to various reserved categories in the total population as per the NFHS 2007 survey conducted by the Government of India.[19]
StateGEN OBCSCSTOTH / NA
AP26% 49%18% 7%0%
Arunachal25% 5%6% 62%2%
Assam50% 22%13% 10%5%
Bihar22% 59%19% 1%0%
Chattisgarh11% 45%14% 30%0%
Delhi67% 14%17% 1%1%
Goa70% 17%5% 5%3%
Gujarat35% 39%15% 11%0%
HP61% 14%20% 5%0%
Haryana52% 23%25% 0%0%
J&K68% 10%13% 9%0%
Jharkhand16% 45%11% 28%0%
Karnataka28% 44%15% 6%7%
Kerala56% 31%11% 2%0%
MP21% 40%18% 21%0%
Maharashtra47% 26%16% 11%0%
Manipur55% 12%7% 26%0%
Meghalaya9% 3%7% 81%0%
Mizoram3% 1%1% 95%0%
Nagaland8% 14%5% 73%0%
Orissa30% 27%20% 23%0%
Punjab58% 10%32% 0%0%
Rajastan22% 45%19% 14%0%
Sikkim14% 41%9% 36%0%
TN2% 75%22% 1%0%
Tripura39% 21%23% 17%0%
Uttarakhand62% 15%21% 3%0%
UP24% 50%25% 1%0%
WB34% 24%26% 16%0%

 Economic and educational status

Based on NSS-99-00.Rural/Urban weightages based on 2001 census)
Based on NSS-99-00.Rural/Urban weightages based on 2001 census)
The Government of India does not collect community census data except for SC/ST. Economic and educational level of various social groups are gauged using large sample surveys. The National Sample Survey taken in 1999–2000 and the National Family Health Survey taken in 2005-2006 (or perhaps an earlier round of the NFHS) estimated economic, educational, and health indicators of various communities. These surveys were used extensively in the report submitted by the oversight committee.[20]
Forward Castes will have to compete only in the open category, as they are considered socially, educationally, and economically advanced. Currently the reservation proportion stands at 50% in central-government educational institutions and central-government jobs. However, in certain states such as Tamil Nadu, the reservation percentage stands at around 69%.[21]

 Economic status

The 1998–1999 National Sample Survey calculated the economic status of forward communities separately for rural/urban areas in various income brackets. It shows
  • Only 6.4% of forward Castes in rural areas appear in upper income bracket with per capita monthly income stands at above Rs 925 per month.
  • 30% of rural population is made up of forward Castes.
  • More than 65% of forward Castes per capita income stands below Rs 525 per month.
For urban areas:
  • Only 5.6% of forward Castes appear in the upper-income bracket with per capita income at or above Rs. 1925 per month (around US $40).
  • More than 25% of forward Castes per capita income stands below Rs. 500 per month (around $10)

 Educational status

Based on NSS-99-00.Rural/Urban weightages based on 2001 census)
  • More than 30% of forward Castes above 15 years of age are illiterate.
  • Only 8% of forward Castes are graduates.
  • Around 85% of forward Castes above 15 years of age have done equal to or below secondary education (10 Years of education).

 Reservation for economically backward among forward Castes

Currently forward Castes are only allowed to compete for seats in the unreserved category in educational institutions and central government jobs, irrespective of their educational/economical status in the society. However, a significant percentage of the Forward Caste population lives below the poverty line and more than 30% of the members of this community are illiterate. To meet their aspirations, demands have been raised for providing separate reservations for the poor among Forward Caste populations. Many political parties like Congress, BJP, Samajwadi Party, LJP, Rastriya Janata Dal, Communist Party of India(Marxist), Bahujan Samaj Party[22][23][24][25] have supported proposals for providing separate reservation for the poor among the forward Castes. These parties account for over 400 of the 542 members in the current parliament, as well as holding power in most states in the union.
Indian Government surveys have pointed out that Poverty is widespread in all communities. Indian definition of poverty is living life with less than 0.25 US$/Day(Approx). Whereas United nations definition of Poverty is living life with less than $1/Day.[26]More than 65% of forward Castes will be living below poverty line if UN poverty definition is considered.[27]

 Timeline

  • 1991: Congress government headed by Narasimha Rao introduced 10% separate reservation for poor among forward Castes.
  • 1992: The Supreme Court has ruled in the Indra Sawhney case that separate reservation for poor among forward Castes as invalid. Government has withdrawn separate reservation as per supreme court judgement. (Many other verdicts given in same case has been overruled by constitutional amendments like quota in promotions, exceeding 50% reservations for Tamil Nadu, judgement regarding creamy layer in the same case was not implemented by Tamil Nadu so far.)
  • 2003: BJP government appointed a group of Ministers for suggesting measures for implementation of separate reservation for poor among forward Castes.[28]
  • 2004: Task force has been set up to work out modalities for providing reservations to Poor among forward Castes.No information available regarding report submitted by this task force.[29]
  • 2006: Present Congress Government appointed commission to study separate reservation for economically backward Castes.[30]
  • 2006: Communist government in Kerala earmarked 12% seats in private professional colleges for economically poor among forward Castes.[31]
Many backward Caste leaders allege forward Castes are over represented in many spheres of life. State and central governments have not released adequate data regarding representation of various communities in their services and admissions to educational institutions.Most of the Private companies in India does not collect data regarding community of their employees. Very few reports are available regarding representation of various communities in public–private services and admissions in educational institutions.
  • In Tamil Nadu forward Castes have secured around 1.9% of seats in medical colleges in 2004 and 2.68 % seats in 2005 as against their population percentage of 13%.See Also Caste-Based Reservations In Tamil Nadu. This trend of poor representation has continued for the last 10 years as claimed by lawyers in one of the Reservation cases.[32]
    • Narendra committee report in Kerala has pointed out that forward Castes representation in public services and PSU units is around 36 to 38% which is more or less equal to their population.[33]
    • Karnataka Minister in state Assembly has announced that per capita income of theBrahmins is lesser than all communities including scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.[34]
    • Oversight committee in its final report has indicated that forward Castes are placed better than backward Castes in some indicators and comparable with backward Castes in few indicators and backward Castes are superior in some parameters like health indicators in states like Assam, Maharastra, Haryana, West Bengal, etc.[35]
    • National Survey 99-00 indicates that forward Castes are better placed than SC/ST in almost all parameters. However, in rural unemployment,forward Castes score worse than all other communities.
    • Recently released Provisional report of National Survey 04-05 states that Buying capacity of Backward Castes in rural and urban areas are comparable to forward Castes. It also revises Backward Castes figure as 41%. It also states that Landownership of Backward Castes are comparable to Forward Castes. It reiterates its earlier finding (in 99-00 survey) that forward Castes are poorly employed (more unemployment).[36]
Rural landholding pattern of various social groups calculated by National Sample Survey 99-00 indicate that OBC and forward Castes are comparable in wealthiness.)
    • National surveys used rural landholding pattern to assess wealthiness of various social groups. Its findings indicate that OBC and FC are comparable and there is a very minor difference between them. There is a big difference between OBC/FC and SC. Even Scheduled Tribes are placed better than Scheduled Castes. Experts who analysed national survey results point out that other backward Castes are near average in many parameters. Please refer chart.[37]

Shrinking educational opportunities

During April 2006, India's Human Resource Minister announced that 27% seats will be reserved exclusively for candidates from Other Backward Castes in addition to existing 22.5 % reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.[38] This announcement was done when polling process was underway in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The election commission reprimanded Human Resources Ministry for making such announcement when election process was in progress.[39]
Sachar committee report indicated that Hindu OBC's enrollment in all educational institutions is close to their populations in the 2004-5 national survey (page 93/425 of Sachar committee report). Union Human Resources minister appointed panel to study about sachar committee recommendations regarding Indian Muslims [40] but did not give his opinion on this subject.

 Impact of announcement on Forward Castes

After the implementation of OBC reservation, only 50% of seats are available in open competition. All communities can compete in open competition which means forward Castes must secure between 72% and 78% of the 'open competition' seats in order to maintain their representation in keeping with their estimated population of 36-39%, whereas other communities will get major chunk of seats through exclusive reservations. This has resulted in protests from Forward Caste community members and supporters from other communities under the banner of Youth for Equality. They have pointed out following as reasons for their protests.[41]
  • The Government has implemented reservations for the Scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes for the last 60 years, however the social and economic situation of these groups has not shown much improvement. This might be interpreted as an indication of the ineffectiveness of reservation in higher educational institutions as a means of achieving social equality.
  • Any difference between proportion of different communities in Higher educational institutions is mainly because of difference in primary school enrollment. (This fact was also confirmed in National sample surveys and pointed out by Oversight committee in its final report). Government should attack the cause instead of providing reservation at higher education level
  • Already 24% of college seats are with Other backward Castes. Providing another 27% seats will deprive chances of forward Castes.
  • Reservation on the basis of caste is cornered only by rich and affluent. For example daughter of former President of India got admission into Indian Foreign Services denying opportunity to another poor person from her own community.
Certain Indian states has forward Castes population of more than 50% or close to 50%. In some of these states,no.of forward Castes admitted in educational institutions will be much less than their population even if they secure 100% seats in open competition.)
The Government of India decided to introduce 27% reservations for other backward Castes all over India. Many states does not have even 27% of other backward Caste population as per national sample surveys.(This includes major Indian states like Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Punjab, West Bengal).[42] Some Indian states like Assam, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal has more than 50% forward Castes populationFile:StatewiseFC.jpg which means no. of seats secured by forward Castes will not be equal to their population proportion even if they secure 100% seats in open competition in central government institutions of these states. Central government, however, excluded 27% reservations to other backward Castes to the areas with high tribal populations.[43]
References
  1. ^ Caste in question: identity or ... - Google Books
  2. ^ Rural banking in India: an empirical ... - Google Books
  3. ^ Social development and demographic ... - Google Books
  4. ^ The Hindu
  5. ^ 'What more do the upper castes want?'
  6. ^ Castes | Andhra (AP) Elections: News & Results
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k http://books.google.co.in/books?id=yInZdHn-pKoC
  8. ^ Srinivasulu, K. (September 2002). "Caste, Class and Social Articulation in Andhra Pradesh: Mapping Differential Regional Trajectories". Overseas Development Institute. pp. 3, 4 (footnote). http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/download/1998.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  9. a b c d e f g h i www.outlookindia.com | Brahmins In India
  10. ^ Reservations in Doubt: The Backlash Against Affirmative Action in Gujarat, India by John R. Wood, Source: Pacific Affairs, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Autumn, 1987), pp. 408-430,http://www.jstor.org/stable/2758881
  11. ^ Rana, Mahendra Singh (2006). India votes: Lok Sabha & Vidhan Sabha elections 2001-2005. Sarup & Sons.ISBN 8176256471http://books.google.co.in/books?id=yInZdHn-pKoC. 
  12. ^ 1968 Socio-Economic Survey, Govt. of Kerala
  13. ^ "Sainis - A forward caste in Punjab".http://www.punjabnewspaper.com/wordpress/2009/03/01/punjab-government-backtracks-on-decision-on-saini-community/. 
  14. ^ "Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes in Punjab- Sainis are nowhere in this list"http://punjabrevenue.nic.in/gaz_asr38.htm. 
  15. ^ Gill, Manmohan Singh (2003). Punjab society: perspectives and challenges. Concept Publishing Company. p. 12. ISBN 9788180690389http://books.google.co.in/books?id=EcW3eLUr4IoC&pg=PA12. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  16. ^ List Of Backward Classes&Nbsp; Approved
  17. ^ http://www.outlookindia.com/images/brahamins_table_20070604.jpg
  18. ^ 534 Sanjay Kumar, A tale of three cities
  19. ^ National Family Health Survey
  20. ^ MOSPI.NIC.IN
  21. ^ Tamil Nadu's quota stir an assertion of its 69 percent? (NEWS ANALYSIS) - India
  22. ^ ExspressIndia.com Link 01
  23. ^ ExpressIndia.com Link 02
  24. ^ The Hindu : National : Paswan for quota for economically backward
  25. ^ The Hindu : Cong. for 'quota' for poor among forward castes
  26. ^ India Watch :: Poverty Line
  27. ^ File:FCEconomicRural.jpg
  28. ^ The Hindu : GoM to study quota for poor among forward castes
  29. ^ The Hindu Business Line : Jobs for economically backward classes: 4-member commission set up
  30. ^ The Hindu : New Delhi News : Commission for economically backward classes constituted
  31. ^ The Kerala Professional Colleges Bill And Social Justice
  32. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/218200610312222.htm[dead link]
  33. ^ League locks horns with upper castes, The Milli Gazette, Vol.5 No.15, MG109 (1-15 Aug 04)
  34. ^ Are Brahmins the Dalits of today?
  35. ^ FINAL OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE -3.10.2006.doc
  36. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1833012,0008.htm[dead link]
  37. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/common/storypage.php?autono=264481&leftnm=4&subLeft=0&chkFlg=[dead link]
  38. ^ The Hindu : Front Page : Quota for OBCs: "No escape for Government"
  39. ^ http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:97_AiaCG184J:eci.gov.in/ElectoralLaws/OrdersNotifications/order_Arjun_Singh_10052006.pdf+Central+Institutions+Arjun+Singh&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5[dead link]
  40. ^ http://www.zeenews.com/znnew/articles.asp?aid=339575&sid=NAT
  41. ^ youth4equality.org - youth 4 equality Resources and Information. This website is for sale!
  42. ^ File:StatewiseBC.jpg
  43. ^ Reserve 27% seats for OBCs in 3 years: Bill - Rediff.com India News
In view of the above, the reservations in jobs and educational institutions should be only on economic backwardness and it should not be on caste or creed basis

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