THE HIMALAYAN TALK: INDIAN GOVERNMENT FOOD SECURITY PROGRAM RISKIER The government of India has announced food security program ahead of elections in 2014. We discussed the issue with Palash Biswas in Kolkata today. Ahead of Elections, India's Cabinet Approves Food Security Program ______________________________________________________ By JIM YARDLEY


[Palash Biswas, one of the BAMCEF leaders and editors for Indian Express spoke to us from Kolkata today and criticized BAMCEF leadership in New Delhi, which according to him, is messing up with Nepalese indigenous peoples also. He also flayed MP Jay Narayan Prasad Nishad, who recently offered a Puja in his New Delhi home for Narendra Modi's victory in 2014.]


We talked with Palash Biswas, an editor for Indian Express in Kolkata today also. He urged that there must a transnational disaster management mechanism to avert such scale disaster in the Himalayas.


अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।'


अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।'



Published on 10 Apr 2013 Palash Biswas spoke to us from Kolkota and shared his views on Visho Hindu Parashid's programme from tomorrow ( April 11, 2013) to build Ram Mandir in disputed Ayodhya.


Palash Biswas, lashed out those 1% people in the government in New Delhi for failure of delivery and creating hosts of problems everywhere in South Asia.


THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS ON NEPALI SENTIMENT, GORKHALAND, KUMAON AND GARHWAL ETC.and BAMCEF UNIFICATION! Published on Mar 19, 2013 The Himalayan Voice Cambridge, Massachusetts United States of America



Imminent Massive earthquake in the Himalayas




Palash Biswas on Citizenship Amendment Act



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Thursday, January 29, 2015

Alarm!Alarm!Wake up! All the way Beast runs through! All the way reforms and reforms! Palash Biswas

Alarm!Alarm!Wake up!

All the way Beast runs through! All the way reforms and reforms!

Palash Biswas

Alarm!Alarm!Wake up!

The Indian government has asked tax officials to apply the principle behind a tax ruling in favour of Vodafone Group Plc(VOD.L) to all similar cases, a major boost to foreign firms including Royal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSa.L). Thus,India's decision to drop a tax dispute with Vodafone Group Plc is likely to mean relief for Royal Dutch Shell PLC and others caught in similar, protracted battles, as the government tries to attract much-needed foreign investment.

Union Finance Minister of Dow Chemicals Arun Jaitley has said that US President Barack Obama's visit has helped both the countries in forging new commercial ties.He added that in the conclave of Indian and American business leaders, the CEOs exhibited a strong confidence about India and showed great interest to invest.Jaitley said that the queries of American business leaders were essentially related to the ease of doing business in India.Referring to the World Economic Forum's annual meeting at Davos last week, the Finance Minister said the investors were looking at India with greater enthusiasm.

US President Barack Obama's visit has helped forge a new commercial relationship and India appears high on the agenda of American companies flush with funds looking for investment opportunities, finance minister Arun Jaitely has said.

About a fifth of India's 1.27 billion people identify themselves as belonging to faiths other than Hinduism. Modi has warned lawmakers from his own party to stop promoting controversial issues such as religious conversions and to focus on economic reforms.But cent percent Hindutva drive is as much as intensive as the drive for reforms.

Conversion of every non Hindu and the agenda to make India free of Christians and Muslims,the Ghar Wapsi,ended th Parade in a Prod while the US President warned against  Hinduization referring to Indian Constitution.

The Free Market economy might not grow on Fire.that is the aesthetics.

All the way Beast runs through! All the way reforms and reforms!

The so much so hyped success in diplomacy is exposed and the media management to project Modi as world leader results in a rare fashion statement hitherto we have not seen.Parade ends in Prod as Obama warned India against cent percent Hindutva and quoted Indian constitution.Now lo!The PM has to dismiss the foreign secretary after such a record breakthrough and having ensured billion billion Dollars for the air conditioned HAVES to intensify the economic ethnic cleansing.

Here it is.There you are!

ET reports:The government has pressed the accelerator on the reforms front, fast-tracking a faltering disinvestment programme, fixing a base price for auction of spectrum for 3G telecom services and deciding not to appeal a decision by the Bombay High Court, which had quashed a transfer pricing-related tax demand on Vodafone, keeping its promise of a non-adversarial tax regime.

It is pertinent to mention here that a government-appointed panel had recommended reforms in food subsidy and its distribution system on January 21. The recommended reforms include decentralisation of grain procurement.Just because Global credit rating agency Moody's Investor Service Thursday said the recommended reforms in food subsidy and distribution will reduce India's inflationary pressures and fiscal deficit.

"We expect (farm sector reforms)... will improve the efficiency of India's food supply chain, a credit positive because it will reduce inflationary pressures and the government's fiscal deficit, two key constraints on the sovereign's credit quality," Moody's said  

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has fired India's highest-ranking diplomat and replaced her with the ambassador to the US, a day after a successful visit by President Barack Obama.In her e-mail dated January 28, Singh said that she had sought early retirement from the government service after 38 years!

just see the Times of India report:

"Government leaders, policy makers, heads of major corporations were engaging with India. Our own industrialists were attending the conferences with a renewed sense of confidence with their heads held high," he said.

India had the second largest contingent after the United States at Davos. Investor perception about India has reversed dramatically after years of stagnation.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi with US President Barack Obama at the India-US Business Summit in New Delhi, on January 26, 2015.

But he said the optimism was, however, tempered with caution. "Will India be able to deliver what it has promised? Will all these ordinances translate into law? Will the obstructionists be able to derail India's march? Many questions centered around this scepticism," he said.

READ ALSO: Promote Indian drugs, US health groups urge Obama

He said the conclave of Indian and American CEOs during President Obama's visit exhibited a strong confidence about India.

"The desire of American businesses to invest in India was great. Their queries related essentially to the ease of doing business in India," he said.

The finance minister said both internal and external factors favour India. Decline in global crude oil prices have helped and states are competing with each other for higher growth. Andhra Pradesh chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu and Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis were aggressively marketing their their states for investment in Davos.

READ ALSO: Obama ends Republic Day with $4 billion pledge

"India needs more resources. Our domestic resources are not adequate. The cost of our capital is high. The world is looking to invest," the finance minister said.

"There are not too many options which are more attractive than India. Whereas most competing economies are facing serious challenges, India is promising to accelerate its growth. Hope has revisited us," he said.

Jan 29 2015 : The Economic Times (Kolkata)

After Barack, Govt Moves Like Beast on Reforms Road

New Delhi

Our Bureau

Oks Rs 24kcr CIL sale, fixes base price for 3G, decides not to challenge Voda order

The government has pressed the accelerator on the reforms front, fast-tracking a faltering disinvestment programme, fixing a base price for auction of spectrum for 3G telecom services and deciding not to appeal a decision by the Bombay High Court, which had quashed a transfer pricing-related tax demand on Vodafone, keeping its promise of a non-adversarial tax regime.

The government on Wednesday notified stock exchanges that it would sell up to 10% in Coal India on Friday (January 30), a transaction that could fetch as much as ` . 24,000 crore, more than half the disinvestment target of ` . 43,425 crore for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015. It has raised only ` . 1,700 crore till now. Barring the Coal India stake sale, all the other decisions were taken by the Cabinet, which met on Wednesday afternoon.

Further, the cabinet committee on economic affairs (CCEA) approved HDFC Bank's plan to raise Rs 10,000 crore capital though a rights issue. The CCEA also approved Lupin's proposal to raise the FII limit in the company to 49% from 33%, which could fetch foreign investment of Rs.6099 crore, the government said in a statement. Both proposals had already been approved by the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB).


The cabinet is likely to be busy on Thursday as well as the CCEA will decide the price band for the offer for sale (OFS) of Coal India. The price band will be announced on Thursday evening and retail investors will, as is the usual practice, benefit from a 5% discount.

Coal India's share closed 0.27% up at Rs 384.05 on the BSE on Wednesday.

ET had reported on January 12 that a 10% stake sale in Coal India was imminent after the government managed to convince unions who had gone on strike protesting the disinvestment as well as a provision in the recently promulgated ordinance which could allow private companies to mine and sell coal.

"The final price would be anywhere between Rs 365 and Rs 375 per share," a person privy to the deliberations told ET. The government is likely to sell 5-10 % stakes in Power Finance Corporation and Rural Electrification Corporation once the Coal India OFS is complete.


The Union Cabinet decided not to appeal the Bombay High Court decision that had squashed a Rs 1,397 crore transfer pricing claim on telecom major Vodafone.

Bombay High Court had struck down the demand in an order in October this year.

In a statement the government said it decided not to appeal the case in the Supreme Court based on the opinions of the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax (International Taxation), Chairperson (CBDT) and the Attorney General of India.

"This is a major correction of a tax matter which has adversely affected investor sentiment," the statement said.

The decision could benefit IBM, Nokia, Cairn India, Leighton India and many others that have faced similar tax demands.

The cabinet said the government will accept orders at different fora in similar cases that have been decided in favour of the taxpayer.

"The government, led by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, wants to convey a clear message to investors world over that this is a government where the decisions will be fair, transparent and within the four corners of the law" telecommuni cations minister Ravi Shankar Prasad told a news conference after a cabinet meeting.

The tax demand on Vodafone and other MNCs had caused consternation as the tax authorities had sought to tax equity inflows from the parent company to their Indian affiliates using transfer pricing rules, something which many tax experts say is unprecedented.


The union cabinet also decided to adopt recommendations by the Telecom Commission setting the base price for the 3G spectrum auction at Rs 3705 crore, significantly higher than that suggested by the telecom regulator TRAI.

At this price, the government is guaranteed of at least Rs 17,555 crore, a third of which will accrue to the exchequer in the current fiscal providing support to finance minister Arun Jaitley, who is struggling to meet the fiscal deficit target for the year.

"The estimated revenues from the auction of 2100 MHz Band are Rs.17555 crore of which Rs.5793 crore is expected to be realized in the current financial year," the government said in a statement.

The industry expressed unhappiness with the higher base price.

(Reuters) - The Indian government has asked tax officials to apply the principle behind a tax ruling in favour of Vodafone Group Plc(VOD.L) to all similar cases, a major boost to foreign firms including Royal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSa.L).

The order was detailed in a letter seen by Reuters and sent by the finance ministry to all tax officials across the country on Thursday.

India's image as an investment destination has been tarnished by a reputation for red tape, unpredictable rules and a tax office long seen as over zealous in its pursuit of foreign companies with billions of dollars of demands.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government, which stormed to power in May on promises it would reboot a slowing economy, has sought to change that.

Tax lawyers said they expected the government order to impact all the past and future cases involving tax on shares issued by a company to related entities -- the heart of the Vodafone case.

The order came a day after the government said it would not appeal a Bombay High Court ruling in favour of Vodafone in a long-running dispute under which the taxmen had accused a unit of the British telecoms firm of under-pricing shares in a rights issue.

"In view of the acceptance of the above judgement, it is directed that the ratio decidendi of the judgement must be adhered to by the field officers in all cases here this issue is involved," said the letter from the finance ministry, using a Latin phrase denoting the rationale behind the ruling.

The decision will also bring relief to Shell, which won a favourable ruling in the Bombay High Court in November after it challenged the largest ever claim in an Indian tax case related to transfer pricing.

Transfer pricing is the value at which firms trade products, services or assets between units across borders, a regular part of doing business for a multinational.


The Indian government said in 2013 that 27 companies, including units of HSBC (HSBA.L), Standard Chartered (STAN.L) and Vodafone, underpaid taxes in the fiscal year 2011/12 after they sold shares to their overseas arms too cheaply.

While latest figure on the companies facing such charges are not available, tax lawyers said tax demand worth billions of dollars have been issued in the last couple of years in transfer pricing cases to multinational as well as local firms.

Most of these cases are at various stages of litigation, they said, adding cases such as those involving IBM (IBM.N), Microsoft Corp (MSFT.O), Sony Corp (6758.T), India's Essar Group and others could now be resolved instead through negotiation.

Vodafone has been involved in a string of tax disputes in India. The Bombay High Court in October ruled in its favour in the share issue case, and the attorney general recommended the government refrain from appealing.

On Wednesday the government heeded the recommendation, just days after Finance Minister Arun Jaitley reassured investors that India would review its past, "adversarial", tax policy.

A spokesman for Shell declined to comment. IBM, Microsoft, Sony and Essar were not immediately available for a comment, while Standard Chartered and HSBC declined to comment.

IBN Live reports:

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was not in favour of "curtailing" Sujatha Singh's tenure as the Foreign Secretary of India, say sources. The sacking of Sujatha Singh, who was to retire in July, is one of the reasons of tussle between her and National Security Advisor Ajit Doval.

Sources also say in the last six months no recommendation of MEA has been accepted by Prime Minister's Office and no new ambassador or high commissioner has been appointed due to this. Sujatha Singh's case is the second major sacking after former Deputy NSA Nehchal Sandhu was shown the door.

Even as Sujatha Singh refused to comment on her tenure being curtailed, the Centre reportedly gave hints to her that she is no longer required.

Sources say Prime Minister Narendra Modi had given enough hints that he was unhappy with Sujatha Singh. She was not included in delegation-level talks during a very important foreign head's visit and on another occasion, she was not included in the delegation over working lunch.

First Post however decodes the mystery!

Three days before he was scheduled to retire and a day after the diplomatic success of US President Barack Obama's visit for Republic Day, India's envoy to the US, Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, got a call from the Modi government to take over as a the nation's next foreign secretary. But the move may have been in offing for long given that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reportedly been keen on shunting Sujatha Singh out at the earliest.

The government was characteristically tight lipped about the change of post and in its release only said that Singh's tenure that was due to end in eight months was 'curtailed' with immediate effect. Singh took charge in August 2013, and was only the third woman to hold the post. While some reports indicated she could take charge of a diplomatic mission abroad, no posting have been assigned as of now.

However, a report in the Hinduquoted government sources as saying that Singh had sought voluntary retirement and it is unclear whether her removal will spark tension with other bureaucrats in the ministry. The last time such a major change occured when Rajiv Gandhi sacked his Foreign Secretary AP Venkateswaran leading to a huge controversy and stiff protest by the Foreign Service.


A month before the budget, Modi government walks the talk

Devjyot Ghoshal & Manu Balachandran

8 hours ago

Pssst...the budget's coming.(Reuters/Anindito Mukherjee)

After the hugs and histrionics of US president Barack Obama's visit to New Delhi, the Narendra Modi-led Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government has swiftly got down to business.

Three seemingly disparate announcements from the Modi government on Wednesday (Jan. 28)—a month before finance minister Arun Jaitley presents the budget—clearly signal its intention to boost investor sentiment and plug India's yawning fiscal deficit.

Coal India stake sale

It's been a little over 20 days since more than 500,000 employees of Coal India Limited (CIL) staged one of the largest industrial actions since 1977 to protest against the government's decision to partly divest its stake in the mining company.

But on Jan. 28, the government announced that it was going to sell 10% stake in the company to raise Rs24,000 crore ($4 billion).

The government owns 90% stake in CIL and this sale alone will meet 40% of the annual disinvestment target—Rs58,425 crore ($10 billion)—that the new government had set for itself in its interim budget in July 2014.

Among the largest coal mining firms globally, CIL accounts for 80% of the coal production in India. Last fiscal, the company posted a net profit of Rs15,008 crore ($2.5 billion).

But the coal sector has been roiled by regulatory issues in recent months, even as demand for the fuel has steadily increased. In Aug. 2014, India's Supreme Court had cancelled as many as 214 coal block allocations to companies and the government is in the midst of reallocating the blocks.

The government has been talking of divesting in CIL since September last year, but protests by its employees had forced the government to delay the process, which in the meantime eroded the company's share price by as much as 14%.

3G spectrum sale

On Jan. 28, the Indian government also fixed the base price for selling 3G spectrum in the country.

"The Union Cabinet, chaired by the prime minister, has approved the proposal of the department of telecommunication (DoT) to proceed with auction in 2,100 MHz band along with 800, 900 and 1,800 MHz bands. The reserve price approved for 2,100 MHz band is Rs3,705 crore ($600 million) pan-India per MHz", the government said in a statement.

The auctions are scheduled for March 4.

The government in January this year also set the reserve price for the auction of 2G spectrum—in 800 MHz, 900 Mhz and 1,800 MHz bands, which is expected to fetch the government Rs64,840 crore ($10.5 billion).

As India's finance minister looks to bring down the country's fiscal deficit to 4.1% of the gross domestic product, an additional Rs16,000 crore ($2.6 billion) from 2G spectrum sale and Rs5,793 crore ($900 million) on 3G airwaves is expected to flow in before the end of the financial year. The remaining amount from the sale will come in subsequently.

India's telecom sector has been in a mess for the past few years with heavy competition and lack of spectrum availability. The government controls the spectrum, which it often auctions out to private telecom operators. In February last year, it had raised over Rs60,000 crore ($9.8 billion).

In Feb. 2012, the Supreme Court had cancelled 122 licences granted to 11 mobile operators, for 2G licences, after it found that the government had incurred massive loss by not auctioning them.

Vodafone tax dispute

The Modi government has also decided not to appeal against a verdict by the Bombay high court, which ruled that the British telecom company Vodafone was not liable to pay tax of Rs3,200 crore ($490 million) in a transfer pricing case.

"I have publicly said I am against adversarial taxation. Currently, I am in the process of making (the) budget and I have seen that I have not earned a single rupee from all those contentious cases. All I have got is bad image and no money," finance minister Jaitley said in Davos recently.

India's income tax department had claimed that Vodafone undervalued its shares in its Indian subsidiary while transferring them to the parent company in 2010, and was asked to pay additional income tax in 2012.

"The government, led by the prime minister Narendra Modi, wants to convey a clear message to investors world over that this is a government where the decisions will be fair, transparent and within the four corners of the law," telecom minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said on Jan. 28.

Last November, the Indian arm of Royal Dutch Shell also won a $1.4 billion (Rs8,656.55 crore) tax dispute at the Bombay high court.

All together, it is an indication that this might be the end of a short-lived but damaging era of "tax terrorism" that began after the previous Manmohan Singh government, in 2012, introduced a retrospective tax amendment, allowing it to scrutinise cross-border deals going back to 1962.

Obama Disses Religious Liberties in India

Reason (blog) - ‎Jan 28, 2015‎

President Barack Obama handed Narendra Modi a personal triumph by accepting the Indian prime minister's invitation to attendIndia's Republic Day celebrations last Monday, January 26. The holiday commemorates Indiaadopting its constitution, and affirms the nation's commitment to religious ... He resolutely resisted, even though this prevented legislation on his key economic reformsfrom moving forward. Moreover, he rechristened Christmas as Good Governance Day, cancelling this Christian national holiday for ...

Obama in India: US president announces $4 billion of new initiatives, trade ...

Economic Times - ‎Jan 27, 2015‎

PM Modi has announced reforms that will overcome some of these barriers, including a new committee dedicated to fast-tracking US investments. We need to be fostering a business environment that is more accountable and transparent," he said.

Obama's Visit: India's Role As A 'Swing Power' - Analysis

Eurasia Review - ‎18 hours ago‎

However, in order to realise this excellent and cautious excitement over defence and trade, India needs to initiate a series of structural and infrastructural related reforms so as to create conducive environment for the investment inflows and technology ...

Foreign media cautions India against US intentions!

News Nation - ‎9 hours ago‎

"Obama keeps pushing India to boost ties with US in coalition to counter the so-called 'China threat' as the US has already become frustrated with the slow pace of New Delhi's economic reforms and unwillingness to side with Washington in international ...

Obama Visit: A Great Leap Forward - Analysis

Eurasia Review - ‎22 hours ago‎

While Prime Minister Modi has made it abundantly clear that he is committed to economic reforms, with special emphasis on rectifying the obstacles in the way of 'ease of doing business' in the country, the 'Make in India' initiative becomes an important driver ...

India Will Succeed Only If Its Not Splintered On Religion Basis - ‎Jan 28, 2015‎

"India will succeed as long as it's not splintered along religious lines...nowhere is it more important to uphold religious freedom than in India," President Obama said while addressing 2,000 young people at the Siri Fort auditorium. "Your Article 25 (of the Constitution) says that all people are 'equally ... Modi had last year warned MPs against making provocative statements seen to divert attention from his government's agenda of economic reforms. President Obama in his speech referenced his own experience as a ...

Barack Obama's speech US-India Business Council Summit in Delhi

DeshGujarat - ‎Jan 27, 2015‎

Prime Minister Modi has initiated reforms that will help overcome some of these barriers, including a new government committee dedicated to fast-tracking American investments. And we enthusiastically support these efforts. We need to be incentivizing trade ...

Remarks by President Obama at U.S.-India Business Council Summit, Jan. 26 ...

eNews Park Forest - ‎Jan 26, 2015‎

And our growing trade is a win for India, because increased U.S. exports and investment here mean more American-made planes flying passengers on India's airlines all over the world, more American-made turbines generating the energy India needs to continue with its growth, more American-made machinery upgrading India's ... Prime Minister Modi has initiated reforms that will help overcome some of these barriers, including a new government committee dedicated to fast-tracking American investments. And we ...

Obama prods India on religious tolerance

MENAFN.COM - ‎Jan 28, 2015‎

"America wants to be your partner in igniting the next wave of Indian growth. As India pursues reforms to encourage more trade and investment, we'll be the first in line," he told the townhall, attended by Michelle Obama and Nobel peace laureate Kailash ...

India, US to resume bilateral investment treaty

MENAFN.COM - ‎Jan 28, 2015‎

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) India and US will resume dialogue on a bilateral investment treaty as the economic growth in both countries is becoming stronger and their economic partnership had strengthening, announced Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US ...

NATYA Swapno Bhang! Written by Bibhas Chakrobarti on Contemporary Bengali Theatre and My point to to revive the centrestage which we surrendered! Palash Biswas

NATYA Swapno Bhang!

Written by  Bibhas Chakrobarti on  Contemporary Bengali Theatre and My point to to revive the centrestage which we surrendered!

Palash Biswas

Pardon me ,I am perhaps trespassing an arena to which I myself do not belong! But Bengali Daily,Ei Samay published an article on contemporary Bengali Theatre which is divided on party line and lost its way.It is writen by very well known BibhasChakrobarti.

It is an issue which should be addressed.

Earlier, I wrote an open letter to our Film Maker friends suggesting that the format should be changed so that we may screen the films most relevant anywhere anytime  on Nukkad.Drama made its way thanks to the legends like Habib Tanveer,Ratan Thiam and Safdar Hashmi adjusting with changing time

I am very much influenced by my dearest film Maker  friend Joshi Joseph who in very very short format exposed the North East social realism under AFSPA.

As I wrote that Anand Patwardhan also should opt for shorter format,it was ironically,the master of the shorter format,my friend Joshy Joseph reacted very strongly and commented that it was not my medium.So my friends engaged in Cinema for Resistance think the same way.

Meanwhile,Anand Teltumbde had called me and informed that Patwardhan was coming in Kolkata Festival of Cinema of resistance and we did plan  to have a discussion with Anand.As Teltumbed also favours my opinion that performing should be the medium in which we might break the sackles!

But ,I decided not to share my opinion with patwardhan this time and opt to wait for proper time when our friends would understand the need and urgency of performance beyond medium and genre.Since I am not an Icon and my friends,most of them are icons,I dare not discuss the issue!

In wardha,Nisar Khan,raviji and some of the young cinema and theatre students like Bhagwatji,Kumar Gaurav and Majdoor Jha and other students including the intelligent and brillient  girls engaged in M. Phil and PHD studies endorsed my opinion that we should break some new ways in Cinema as well as Drama just because the PRINT has become quite irrelevant and and social media and the alternative media may not be sustained in absolute power.

This article explains why Gana Natya Andolan degenerated under absolute power.

Contemporary Bengali Theatre should be seen as a case study as IPTA did coordinate every genre,medium and form of art and culture.

Indian cinema and its social realism remain rooted in Indian theatre.

I hope that I should not explain it and it may be tracked in the history of Indian cinema.

The most relevant writer of resistance in our time,I am referring to Nabarunda also rooted in theatre and every piece of his work might be reproduced in Cinema and Theatre.The writing itself is nothing less tahn performance.

Bibhas Chakrobarti had been the face of the Pariwartan as Bengali Theatre played the key role to mobilise the intelligentsia against Nadigram And Singur Land acquisition followed by Nandigram firing.Anoteher thetre personality Arpita Ghosh was coordinating the processions on streets.Kaushik Gaanguly also played key role at the time.

Only Naandikar and Rudra Prasad Sengupta never did come out against the Left regime as far as I remeber.

Bratya Basu came to limelight with his political drama WINKLE Twinkle.

In fact, I was disappointed to see his very very loud performances and DISLIKED the track change of Bengali theatre from the path created by centuries old apolitical commitment to the masses,social realism and the conscience and activism to stand against the absolute regime.

Thus, Nati Binodini becomes the legend representing the tortured woman in the patriarchal society!

Thus,Girish Chandra established Bengali Theatre.Thus,Shambhu Mitra had been always relevant and Utpal Dutt could perform against emergency.

IPTA was the centre stage of all art forms which produced so many personalities like Somnath Hore,Sailil Chowdhari,Debbrata Biswas<Bijan Bhatacharyand his family including the mother Mahashweta Debiand her son.I am skipping all other instances of all India phenomenon of IPTA movement.

The ideology had not been translated in power politics and it made IPTA so much so relevant.

It remained the centre stage of Indian mass movement just because it never did surrender to absolute power which inflicted contempoarary Bengali Theatre.

I hope that this article should be translated in other languages to understand where we stand.

My point is have to revive the centrestage which we surrendered!

Indian People's Theatre Association

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA) was an association of leftisttheatre-artists under the Left parties. Its goal was to bring cultural awakening among the people of India.[1] It was the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India.[2]




Some of the initial members of the groups were Prithviraj Kapoor, Bijon Bhattacharya, Ritwik Ghatak, Utpal Dutt, Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, Salil Chowdhury, Pandit Ravi Shankar, Jyotirindra Moitra, Niranjan Singh Maan, S. Tera Singh Chan,Jagdish Faryadi, Khalili Faryadi, Rajendra Raghuvanshi Safdar Mir etc. The group was formed in 1942, in the background of the Second World War, with Bengal famine of 1943 and starvation deaths in India on the one hand and repression by the colonial masters in the wake of the Quit India Movement and the aggression by the fascist powers on the Soviet Union on the other. All India People's Theatre Conference was held in Mumbai in 1943 where the group presented its idea and objective of representing the crisis of the time through the medium of theatre and to help people understand their rights and duties. This conference led to the formation of committees of IPTA across India. The movement hit not only theatres, but also cinema and music in Indian languages.


Main article: Nabanna (play)

The most important of the dramas were Nabanna (Harvest). Nabanna is a folk-cultural festival of Bengal to celebrate the harvest. This Bengali drama, written by Bijon Bhattacharya and directed by Sombhu Mitra, portrayed the evils of the Bengal famine of 1943 and the alleged indifference of the British rulers, as also of the richer strata of Indian society towards the plight of the millions dying from the famine.

Other dramas and films[edit]

Nava Jiboner Gaan (Song of New of Life) by Jyotirindra Moitra and the film Dharti Ke Lal (Children of the Earth) by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas followed Nabanna in addressing the needs of the people. These performances were characteristic for their vivid, stark portrayal of the suffering of the masses. Similar productions were carried out all over India, like Desha Sathi inMarathi which was about the attack on the Soviet Union by Nazi Germany; Prarambham in Telugu; and Zubeida directed byBalraj Sahni and based on the story of a Muslim girl from Malabar. Manikuntala Sen, the fireband woman of left politics acted in this play along with Gopal Halder, who later became an educationist.

Natya Samaroh by IPTA, Chhattisgarh, India

Breakage and legacy[edit]

The group were dispersed in 1947. However, the main members continued to carry the legacy of IPTA by forming several groups with similar ideology. Ahindra Chowdhuri, Sombhu Mitra and Tripti Mitra were the leading members of the groupBahurupee. Raktakarabi, Tahar Nam Ti Ranjana, Char Adhyay (written byRabindranath Tagore) were some of the earlier productions of Bahurupee. Utpal Dutt led another faction of artists and went to create classics like Tiner Talowar andKallol. IPTA Mumbai was another offshoot that has existed over the last six decades and continue to produce dramas till date.[3] IPTA offshoots exist in other parts of India as well.[4]

Group theaters like Nandikar, Spandan of Kolkata still produce their dramas often in the line of the IPTA movement, and recently there has been effort to start a similar movement inspired by the IPTA.[5]

The Delhi-based theatre company Jana Natya Manch, best known for its street theatre, also emerged from the IPTA in 1973. Noted film director, Ritwik Ghatak made a Bengali film, Komal Gandhar (1961) set around IPTA theare group.

IPTA in West Bengal[edit]

At present IPTA West Bengal is a running organisation led by IPTA West Bengal State Committee. The Secretary is Sri Gora Ghosh, President Sri Sisir Sen, Asst. Secretary Sri Ashim Bandyopadhay. There are many cultural personalities like Shakti Bandyopadhyay, Bablu Dasgupta, Pijus Sarkar, Kankan Bhattacharjee, Sankar Mukherjee, Hiranmoy Ghosal, Tapan Hazra, Basudeb Dasgupta, Suvendu Maity, Abhoy Dasgupta, Ratna Bhattacharjee etc. There are 19 District Committees under this organisation. No. of Artist members 7000 approx. IPTA W B has been reorganised in its 3rd conference held on 1967 at Kolkata Bagbazar reading room Library.

Hundreds of dramas have been produced still today since 1967. Such as Bis e June by Biru Mukhopadhyay, Bastav Sastra and Buno Hans by Hiren Bhatacharjee, Haraner Nat Jamai by Sisir Sen, Spartakas and Fulwali by Basudeb Basu, Fatik chander Swapnaguli, Hanadaar, Judhistir er Narak Darsan, Haripadar Panja Larai (Street Drama) by Ashim Bandyopadhyay. Abelay Amritakatha, Jaban Bandi (Street Drama), Chhoto Bakulpurer jatri, Aaj O Itihaas, Tarapadar Maa, Ganpat Kahar, by Sudip Sarkar. Light House by jayanta Chakraborty. Ramdhanu, Aami Krishna, Virus, Ananta Yatra by Tapan Hazra etc.

IPTA in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh[edit]

IPTA Raigarh was established in 1982 during the first state conference of IPTA which was organized by the Raigarh unit in 1982. Since then Raigarh unit has been active and practicing theatre in this small district of Chhattisgarh (earlier Madhya Pradesh).

In 1994, when the Golden Jubilee of IPTA was celebrated nationwide, this unit decided to celebrate the Golden Jubilee by organizing a five day theatre festival during the month of December. Although meant to be a one-off event, it was very well received and later on, it was decided to continue this as an annual event. This is how the National Theatre Festival was born and conceived.

The same year IPTA was reorganized and it spread its activities, started imparting training and updating artists by means of organizing theatre workshops every year for youth as well as for children. Since 1995, theatre stalwarts like Arun Pandey,Sanjay Upadhyay, Suman Kumar, Gautam Mazumdar, Devendra Raj Ankur, Ranjeet Kapoor, Akhilesh Khanna, Neeraj Wahal, Praveen Gunjan & Anjana Puri have conducted workshops and trained our artists.

Besides organizing theatre workshops and festivals, IPTA Raigarh started participating in various festivals to showcase their productions in different cities like Delhi, Allahabad, Jabalpur, Raipur, Aurangabad, Bhopal, Patna, Gaya, Sagar, Ratlam among the few.

In 2001, IPTA Raigarh registered itself as 'IPTA Center for Cultural Resources and Training' with the Registrar of firms & societies, Government of India.

"IPTA Center for cultural resources & training" has emerged as one of the pro-active theatre groups in Chhattisgarh State.

Artistes of the group, including child artistes, have acted in a film "Chutakan Ki Mahabharat" produced by Children's Film Society Of India and Directed by Sankalp Meshram, which has bagged the National Award for the Best Children's Film in 2005, conferred by the Government of India.

IPTA Raigarh also publishes its annual Magazine "Rankarm" which is endorsed by Kendriya Hindi Nideshalaya and is being distributed throughout the country with the help of the same. This magazine has been published annually since 2003.

IPTA in Punjab[edit]

The Indian People`s Theatre Association (IPTA) movement in Punjab greatly altered the theatre as it was reoriented toward playing a greater role as an instrument of social change. The IPTA movement in Punjab brought out artists like Shiela Bhatia, Balraj Sahni, Balwant Gargi, Niranjan Singh MaanTera Singh Chan, Joginder Bahrla, Pandit Khalili, the Theatre workers, Parkash Kaur, her younger sister Surinder Kaur, and Amarjit Gurdaspuri the famous folk singers in the service of people's concerns. They made serious efforts to take Punjabi theatre and folk culture to the masses.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


External links[edit]

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