THE HIMALAYAN TALK: INDIAN GOVERNMENT FOOD SECURITY PROGRAM RISKIER

http://youtu.be/NrcmNEjaN8c The government of India has announced food security program ahead of elections in 2014. We discussed the issue with Palash Biswas in Kolkata today. http://youtu.be/NrcmNEjaN8c Ahead of Elections, India's Cabinet Approves Food Security Program ______________________________________________________ By JIM YARDLEY http://india.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/04/indias-cabinet-passes-food-security-law/

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICAL OF BAMCEF LEADERSHIP

[Palash Biswas, one of the BAMCEF leaders and editors for Indian Express spoke to us from Kolkata today and criticized BAMCEF leadership in New Delhi, which according to him, is messing up with Nepalese indigenous peoples also. He also flayed MP Jay Narayan Prasad Nishad, who recently offered a Puja in his New Delhi home for Narendra Modi's victory in 2014.]

THE HIMALAYAN DISASTER: TRANSNATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT MECHANISM A MUST

We talked with Palash Biswas, an editor for Indian Express in Kolkata today also. He urged that there must a transnational disaster management mechanism to avert such scale disaster in the Himalayas. http://youtu.be/7IzWUpRECJM

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS LASHES OUT KATHMANDU INT'L 'MULVASI' CONFERENCE

अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।' http://youtu.be/j8GXlmSBbbk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS LASHES OUT KATHMANDU INT'L 'MULVASI' CONFERENCE

अहिले भर्खर कोलकता भारतमा हामीले पलाश विश्वाससंग काठमाडौँमा आज भै रहेको अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मूलवासी सम्मेलनको बारेमा कुराकानी गर्यौ । उहाले भन्नु भयो सो सम्मेलन 'नेपालको आदिवासी जनजातिहरुको आन्दोलनलाई कम्जोर बनाउने षडयन्त्र हो।' http://youtu.be/j8GXlmSBbbk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS BLASTS INDIANS THAT CLAIM BUDDHA WAS BORN IN INDIA

THE HIMALAYAN VOICE: PALASH BISWAS DISCUSSES RAM MANDIR

Published on 10 Apr 2013 Palash Biswas spoke to us from Kolkota and shared his views on Visho Hindu Parashid's programme from tomorrow ( April 11, 2013) to build Ram Mandir in disputed Ayodhya. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=77cZuBunAGk

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALSH BISWAS FLAYS SOUTH ASIAN GOVERNM

Palash Biswas, lashed out those 1% people in the government in New Delhi for failure of delivery and creating hosts of problems everywhere in South Asia. http://youtu.be/lD2_V7CB2Is

Palash Biswas on BAMCEF UNIFICATION!

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS ON NEPALI SENTIMENT, GORKHALAND, KUMAON AND GARHWAL ETC.and BAMCEF UNIFICATION! Published on Mar 19, 2013 The Himalayan Voice Cambridge, Massachusetts United States of America

BAMCEF UNIFICATION CONFERENCE 7

Published on 10 Mar 2013 ALL INDIA BAMCEF UNIFICATION CONFERENCE HELD AT Dr.B. R. AMBEDKAR BHAVAN,DADAR,MUMBAI ON 2ND AND 3RD MARCH 2013. Mr.PALASH BISWAS (JOURNALIST -KOLKATA) DELIVERING HER SPEECH. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLL-n6MrcoM http://youtu.be/oLL-n6MrcoM

Imminent Massive earthquake in the Himalayas

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICIZES GOVT FOR WORLD`S BIGGEST BLACK OUT

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS CRITICIZES GOVT FOR WORLD`S BIGGEST BLACK OUT

THE HIMALAYAN TALK: PALASH BISWAS TALKS AGAINST CASTEIST HEGEMONY IN SOUTH ASIA

Palash Biswas on Citizenship Amendment Act

Mr. PALASH BISWAS DELIVERING SPEECH AT BAMCEF PROGRAM AT NAGPUR ON 17 & 18 SEPTEMBER 2003 Sub:- CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT 2003 http://youtu.be/zGDfsLzxTXo

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Friday, December 25, 2015

Revisit Partition on Manusmruti Burning Day! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtM_HGGTCO4&feature=youtu.be We minorities including Bengali refugees countrywide suffer because of the partition for Hindu Nation protested by Bahujan and Muslims! Palash Biswas

Revisit Partition on Manusmruti Burning Day!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtM_HGGTCO4&feature=youtu.be



We minorities including Bengali refugees countrywide suffer because of the partition for Hindu Nation protested by Bahujan and Muslims!

Palash Biswas


Subodh Biswas's photo.

Subodh Biswas


অনতি বিলম্বে লক্ষ লক্ষ উদ্বাস্তুরা ফিরে পাবে মাতৃ ভাষার অধিকার। পাবে ভূমীর অধিকার । পাবে জাতিপ্রমানপএের অধিকার ।রায়পুরের মাটিতে উদ্বাস্তুরা নতুন ইতিহাস গডলেন । আজকে আন্দের দিন, গর্ভের দিন । যারা প্রতক্ষ ব পরোক্ষভাবে আমাদের সাহায্য় করেছেন তাদের সবাইকে ধন্য়বাদ জানাই । ডা সুবোধ বিশ্বাস

This book is a different narrative of the story told and digested.That muslims are responsible of partition.This is the mythical base of nationalism fascist as well as history in India.I have been contradicting.But it was never enough.Shamsul proves my point beyond doubt.


Thanks Shamsul Islam!


I am very very happy that someone like Shamsul Islam wrote this book.Indian history of partition is unilateral and it tends to prove that only Muslims were responsible for partition.Facts tell different story and I have been trying to decode partition story time and again.Though I could not manage to get the cabinet proposal,it is documented that the Hindu Majority in West Bengal struck the Bull`s eye to accomplish the agenda of grand Hindu alliance to divide the country to make it Hindu Nation.On the other hand,Muslim Majority in East Bengal rejected the partition resolution with thumping majority!


I would suggest everyone to get this most important book to know the truth that not Muslims nor Muslim League wanted partition nor Muslims supported the idea of partition initially so much so that even Jinnah was not convinced with the Idea of Pakistan.But Hindutva made the impossible Possible and thus,Gandhi was killed in 1946,not on 30th January!





About the Author

Shamsul Islam taught political science at the University of Delhi. As an author, columnist and dramatist he has been writing against religious bigotry, dehumanization, totalitarianism, persecution of women, Dalits and minorities. He is known globally for fundamental research work on the rise of nationalism and its development in India and the world.


.

Contents:


Introduction

1. Dilemma of Indian Muslims; Patriotic Muslims

2. Partition of India: Two-nation theory in action

3. Two-nation theory: origin and Hindu-Muslim variants

4. 1857 war of independence: Two-nation theories defied

5. Allah Bakhsh leading Muslims against Pakistan

6. Allah Bakhsh confronts British rulers

7. Murder of Allah Bakhsh

8. Muslim Patriotic individuals and organisations

9. Urdu poetry of Patriotic Muslims

10. Why patriotic Muslims failed

Conclusion

25 December Manusmruti Burning Day!



क्या आंबेडकर की जयंती मनाने वाली भाजपा सरकार मनुस्मृति दहन दिवस भी मनाएगी?


It is Nikhil Bharat bengalee udbastu Samanway samiti! The President of the Refugee organization,Dr.Subodh Biswas is an excellent organizer.Being a medical practitioner in Nagpur he is doing everything possible to organise Bengali refugees since 2003 and I am eyewitness!


I am quite interested in his success as my late father Pulin Babu tried lifelong to unite our people and failed.Subodh has accomplished his incomplete task and I have contributed nothing.


I am older than him and I have no hesitation to confirm that Subodh follows my father`s path with much more dedication than I ever tried.




I have no way to convince my real brother that I always support the refugee movement!Because it is PITRI Dai,the family liability for me all the way.


I have tried to post every available document to tell and explain our existence scattered countrywide being a professional journalist.But as a professional journalist I have to address every issue,every human scream in real time and I have not the infinite time to deal with only refugee problem.I may not afford such exclusive space.

I beg your pardon!


Subodh has to work with the ruling hegemony.He has no choice,I understand very well as we minorities and refugees stand and live as SUB HUMAN Underclass deprived of mother tongue,identity,political social cultural representation,reservation,land right and even citizenship,civic and human rights.


We are not allowed to raise our voice without the permission of the hegemony!We may not survive!Refugees as well as minorities in India!


In my younger days while my father was living,he always supported KC Pant and ND Tiwari and Indira Gandhi and had interactions with all the presidents, prime ministers,chief ministers to voice our cause and I hated it most.Because I belonged to the Seventies generation and I had been always a rebel.


I could not support my father and his cause just because of my ideology!


Subodh and other refugees should understand I might not afford another Himalayan blunder like our dearest comrades yet again.


I support the cause and I support the movement.But I still may not support RSS and the Manusmriti Hegemony which partitioned India and the holocaust is making in time and again!


I may not share the dias with RSS or other icons of the hegemony even today and moreover I have not to seek Votes for any individual or party whatsoever!


PUBLISHERS

Pharos Media & Publishing Pvt Ltd

D-84 Abul Fazl Enclave - I

Jamia Nagar, New Delhi-110 025, India

Tel. +91-11-26947483

Email: books@pharosmedia.com

Website: www.pharosmedia.com


About the Book

"Dr. Shamsul Islam has written the most neglected chapter in the history of the Indian freedom struggle: on Muslims who were opposed to Partition. Based on ground-breaking research, it is an outstanding contribution which should set the record straight in great measure."

Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed, Professor Emeritus, Stockholm University


"This important study on the Partition of India, based on contemporary original sources, suggests that in 1940-2 there was more support among Muslims for an undivided India than for the Pakistan option. The failure to remember voices, such as that of Allah Bakhsh, who opposed two-nation theory vehemently and paid with his life, has helped the Hindutva camp to divert attention from its own commitment to the two-nation theory."

Dr. Richard Bonney, Professor Emeritus, University of Leicester


"Dr. Shamsul Islam's book is a very timely intervention in the debate about the role of Muslims in India's Partition. Relying on contemporary documents, he quashes the popular myth that India's Partition was due to Muslims. He deserves all the credit for demolishing the two-nation theory and upholding the values of composite Indian nationalism, which majority of Indian Muslims adhered to."

Dr. Ram Puniyani, Chairman,

Center for Study of Society & Secularism, Mumbai


"Muslims against Partition, who paid with their lives for Hindu-Muslim unity, have been written out of history in official Pakistani discourse for obvious reasons. More shockingly, they were written out of Indian history as well. It is this glaring missing chapter that Shamsul Islam's matter-of-fact, meticulously researched and immensely readable book, gloriously fills."


Muslims against Partition. Why historical facts remained buried:

Article by

Shamsul Islam

inIndian Currents1 June 2003

The search for the real culprits behind the Partition of India in 1947 seems to be an endlessexercise. It is despite the fact that there is no dearth of writings on the Freedom Struggle againstthe British rule in India and specially partition of the country on the basis of religion.Historians have rightly held the Muslim League, led by

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

, basicallyresponsible for this unnatural and tragic Partition which became a kind of license for both Hinduand Muslim communal elements to indulge in mass butchery of innocent children, women andmen.However, there has always been a school of historiographers under the influence of Hindutvawhich has been spreading the canard that all Muslims in pre-Partition days supported the MuslimLeague¶s call for Pakistan. Hindutva tries to cover up the fact that it subscribed to the two-nationtheory like Muslim League and wanted to have an exclusive ´Hindu Rashtra´ on the lines of ´Islamic State´ of Muslim League.Unfortunately, this kind of discourse has secured more credibility specially among the Hindumiddle class with the recent upsurge of anti-minorityism led by Hindutva fascism. The crucialfact should not be missed here that Hindutva has mainly succeeded in its attempts because factsof significant contributions of those Muslim individuals and organisationswho opposed MuslimLeague with all their resources and might remains buried even today. This criminal silence onthe part of the secular state and organisations has only galvanised Hindu communalists to malignthe Muslims of India.One such example is of

Allah Baksh

who at the grassroots level among Muslims of Indiaorganised an effective and massive opposition to the nefarious designs of Muslim League in pre-Partition days. Allah Baksh was the Premier (those days chief minister was known by thisdesignation) of Sind during the eventful days of µQuit India¶ Movement of 1942 as head of theµIttehad Party¶ (Unity Party) which did not allow Muslim League to have any foothold in theMuslim majority province of Sind. Allah Baksh and his Party were not part of the Indian National Congress but when British Prime Minister

Winston Churchill

made a derogatoryreference to the Indian freedom struggle and the µQuit India¶ Movement in a speech in the BritishParliament, Allah Baksh renounced in protest all titles conferred by the British Government.While announcing this renouncement he stated: ´It is the cumulative result of the feeling that theBritish Government does not want to part with power. Mr. Churchill¶s speech shattered allhopes.´ The British administration could not digest this dissent of Allah Baksh and he wasremoved from office by the Governor, Sir

Hugh Dow

, on October 10, 1942. This great sacrificeof a Muslim leader for the freedom of the country remains unknown even today.The fact that

Nathu Ram Godse

, closely associated with Hindu Mahasabha,

Savarkar

and theRSS killed

Gandhiji

on January 30, 1948 is known by all but how many of us know that AllahBaksh a great fighter for the independence of a united India and prolific opponent of the idea of

Pakistan was murdered on May 14, 1943, in Sind by professional killers hired by MuslimLeague. Allah Baksh needed to be liquidated because he was able to muster massive support of common Muslim masses through out India against Pakistan. Moreover, Allah Baksh as a greatsecularist with massive support in Sind and opposed to the formation of Pakistan could prove to be the greatest stumbling block in the physical formation of Pakistan as without Sind, theµIslamic State¶ in the west of the country just could not have materialized.It is a well-known fact that dismissal of Allah Baksh Government in 1942 and his murder in1943 paved the way for entry of Muslim League in Sind. One could see the open ganging up of the British rulers and Muslim League in political and physical liquidation of Allah Baksh and hiskind of anti-communal politics.Sind Muslim League leader

M AKhushro

was put on trial as the main conspirator in the killingof Allah Baksh. He was found not guilty, as the state could not produce an µindependent¶ witnessto prove his involvement. Significantly, it was the same ground on which Savarkar later securedacquittal in Gandhiji¶s murder case.It really needs a serious inquiry that why political trends like led by Allah Baksh among Muslimsgot pushed to oblivion. It suited the British masters and Hindu-Muslim communalists fine. Theysaw India as a land of perpetual conflicts among religions. But the Indian secular state, which hasthe name of Sind in its National Anthem, became totally unmindful to this legacy which stoodfor a secular, united and democratic India. Allah Baksh spent all his life countering communal politics of Muslim League and its two-nation theory. In fact he laid down his life for this cause.It is really shocking that we have Savarkar¶s statue in Parliament who was an ideological pal (or counter-pal) of Muslim League but no place for Allah Baksh. It is only a living testimony to thecommunal political structure which secular India is forced to live today.Perhaps the greatest contribution of Allah Baksh against communal and two-nation politics waswhen he joined handswith Muslim leaders like

Mohammed Ibrahim

,

HifzurRehman

and

IshaqueSambhali

inorganizing lower caste Muslim organisations on one platform named as Azad Muslims¶Conference (Independent Muslims¶ Conference). It held its session in Delhi from April 27-30,1940 with 1400 delegates from almost all parts of India attending it. The then British press whichwas mainly pro-Muslim League had to admit that it was the most representative gathering of Indian Muslims. This highly significant conference was presided over by Allah Baksh and passed the resolutions affirming that ´India would have geographical and political boundaries of an indivisible whole land and, as such, was the common whole land of all the citizensirrespective of race or religion.´The conference also resolved that Pakistan scheme was ´impracticable and harmful to thecountry¶s interest generally, and of Muslims in particular.´ The conference called upon Muslimsof India ´to own equal responsibilities with other Indians for striving and making sacrifices toachieve the country¶s independence.´

Muslims like Allah Baksh who opposed the Muslim League and challenged its communal politics had done thorough home work as will be clear from the contents of presidential addressdelivered by Allah Baksh in 1940 Delhi Conference. He advanced historical facts to counter  postulations of Muslim League and invited its leadership to respond to the ideological issuesraised.While decrying the concept of a theocratic state itself he said that ´it was based on a falseunderstanding that India is inhabited by two nations, Hindu and Muslim. It is much more to the point to say that all Indian Mussalmans are proud to be Indian Nationals and they are equally proud that their spiritual level and creedal realm is Islam. As Indian nationals-Muslims andHindus and others, inhabit the land and share every inch of the motherland and all its materialand cultural treasures alike according to the measure of their just and fair rights and requirementsas the proud sons of the soil«It is a vicious fallacy for Hindus, Muslims and other inhabitants of India to arrogate to themselves and exclusively proprietary rights over either the whole or any particular part of India. The country as an indivisible whole and as one federated and compositeunit belongs to all the inhabitants of the country alike, and is as much the inalienable andimprescriptible heritage of the Indian Muslims as of other Indians. No segregated or isolatedregions, but the whole of India is the Homeland of all the Indian Muslims and no Hindu or Muslim or any other has the right to deprive them of one inch of this Homeland.´He made it clear that communalism was the creation of high castes among Muslims and Hindus.´These feelings and ambitions among those who hope to constitute the ruling caste amongHindus or Muslims, as successors of the present Imperial Rulers, revive and invent excuses for  popular consumption from historical or other sources, and by securing the support of groups,manoeuver themselves into a position to play the political chess, which promises a possible prospect of success in their aim of becoming the rulers of the masses either integrally of theentire country or of a delimited region.´He asked Muslim Leagures, ´Had the imperialistic structure of society been a guarantee of the prosperity of the Muslim masses and had empires not carried the germs of their own decay inthem, then the mighty Omaiyad, Abbasid, Sarasenic, Fatimide, Sassanic, Moghal and Turkishempires would never have crumbled, leaving 1/5th of the human race, who live by Islamic faithin the condition in which they find themselves today-disinterested, and destitute in the bulk.Similarly those Hindus who entertain similar dreams, and who out of tendentiously written pagesof history or out of the stimulating examples of the modern imperialists select ingredients for thenourishment of their imperial dreams, or dreams of exploitation, imposition and domination will be well advised to discard such ideals.´He was right in complaining (which also throws light on how Muslim League got prominence)that, ´Indian Mussalmans have a legitimate cause of complaint against the Congress on theground that it has not found it possible so far to confer with them for a settlement of thecommunal issue.´Allah Baksh in his address defended greatly the composite Indian culture, ´When they talk of Muslim culture they forget the composite culture which the impact of Hindus and Muslims has been shaping for the last 1000 years or more and in which is born a type of culture and



Pakistan was murdered on May 14, 1943, in Sind by professional killers hired by MuslimLeague. Allah Baksh needed to be liquidated because he was able to muster massive support of common Muslim masses through out India against Pakistan. Moreover, Allah Baksh as a greatsecularist with massive support in Sind and opposed to the formation of Pakistan could prove to be the greatest stumbling block in the physical formation of Pakistan as without Sind, theµIslamic State¶ in the west of the country just could not have materialized.It is a well-known fact that dismissal of Allah Baksh Government in 1942 and his murder in1943 paved the way for entry of Muslim League in Sind. One could see the open ganging up of the British rulers and Muslim League in political and physical liquidation of Allah Baksh and hiskind of anti-communal politics.Sind Muslim League leader

M AKhushro

was put on trial as the main conspirator in the killingof Allah Baksh. He was found not guilty, as the state could not produce an µindependent¶ witnessto prove his involvement. Significantly, it was the same ground on which Savarkar later securedacquittal in Gandhiji¶s murder case.It really needs a serious inquiry that why political trends like led by Allah Baksh among Muslimsgot pushed to oblivion. It suited the British masters and Hindu-Muslim communalists fine. Theysaw India as a land of perpetual conflicts among religions. But the Indian secular state, which hasthe name of Sind in its National Anthem, became totally unmindful to this legacy which stoodfor a secular, united and democratic India. Allah Baksh spent all his life countering communal politics of Muslim League and its two-nation theory. In fact he laid down his life for this cause.It is really shocking that we have Savarkar¶s statue in Parliament who was an ideological pal (or counter-pal) of Muslim League but no place for Allah Baksh. It is only a living testimony to thecommunal political structure which secular India is forced to live today.Perhaps the greatest contribution of Allah Baksh against communal and two-nation politics waswhen he joined handswith Muslim leaders like

Mohammed Ibrahim

,

HifzurRehman

and

IshaqueSambhali

inorganizing lower caste Muslim organisations on one platform named as Azad Muslims¶Conference (Independent Muslims¶ Conference). It held its session in Delhi from April 27-30,1940 with 1400 delegates from almost all parts of India attending it. The then British press whichwas mainly pro-Muslim League had to admit that it was the most representative gathering of Indian Muslims. This highly significant conference was presided over by Allah Baksh and passed the resolutions affirming that ´India would have geographical and political boundaries of an indivisible whole land and, as such, was the common whole land of all the citizensirrespective of race or religion.´The conference also resolved that Pakistan scheme was ´impracticable and harmful to thecountry¶s interest generally, and of Muslims in particular.´ The conference called upon Muslimsof India ´to own equal responsibilities with other Indians for striving and making sacrifices toachieve the country¶s independence.´

Muslims like Allah Baksh who opposed the Muslim League and challenged its communal politics had done thorough home work as will be clear from the contents of presidential addressdelivered by Allah Baksh in 1940 Delhi Conference. He advanced historical facts to counter  postulations of Muslim League and invited its leadership to respond to the ideological issuesraised.While decrying the concept of a theocratic state itself he said that ´it was based on a falseunderstanding that India is inhabited by two nations, Hindu and Muslim. It is much more to the point to say that all Indian Mussalmans are proud to be Indian Nationals and they are equally proud that their spiritual level and creedal realm is Islam. As Indian nationals-Muslims andHindus and others, inhabit the land and share every inch of the motherland and all its materialand cultural treasures alike according to the measure of their just and fair rights and requirementsas the proud sons of the soil«It is a vicious fallacy for Hindus, Muslims and other inhabitants of India to arrogate to themselves and exclusively proprietary rights over either the whole or any particular part of India. The country as an indivisible whole and as one federated and compositeunit belongs to all the inhabitants of the country alike, and is as much the inalienable andimprescriptible heritage of the Indian Muslims as of other Indians. No segregated or isolatedregions, but the whole of India is the Homeland of all the Indian Muslims and no Hindu or Muslim or any other has the right to deprive them of one inch of this Homeland.´He made it clear that communalism was the creation of high castes among Muslims and Hindus.´These feelings and ambitions among those who hope to constitute the ruling caste amongHindus or Muslims, as successors of the present Imperial Rulers, revive and invent excuses for  popular consumption from historical or other sources, and by securing the support of groups,manoeuver themselves into a position to play the political chess, which promises a possible prospect of success in their aim of becoming the rulers of the masses either integrally of theentire country or of a delimited region.´He asked Muslim Leagures, ´Had the imperialistic structure of society been a guarantee of the prosperity of the Muslim masses and had empires not carried the germs of their own decay inthem, then the mighty Omaiyad, Abbasid, Sarasenic, Fatimide, Sassanic, Moghal and Turkishempires would never have crumbled, leaving 1/5th of the human race, who live by Islamic faithin the condition in which they find themselves today-disinterested, and destitute in the bulk.Similarly those Hindus who entertain similar dreams, and who out of tendentiously written pagesof history or out of the stimulating examples of the modern imperialists select ingredients for thenourishment of their imperial dreams, or dreams of exploitation, imposition and domination will be well advised to discard such ideals.´He was right in complaining (which also throws light on how Muslim League got prominence)that, ´Indian Mussalmans have a legitimate cause of complaint against the Congress on theground that it has not found it possible so far to confer with them for a settlement of thecommunal issue.´Allah Baksh in his address defended greatly the composite Indian culture, ´When they talk of Muslim culture they forget the composite culture which the impact of Hindus and Muslims has been shaping for the last 1000 years or more and in which is born a type of culture and

civilisation in India in the production of which Muslims have been proud and active partners. Itcan not now merely by creating artificial States be withdrawn to segregated areas. To art andliterature, architecture and music, history and philosophy and to the administrative system of India, the Mussalmans have been contributing for a thousand years, their share of coordinated,composite and syncretic culture which occupies a distinctly distinguished place in the types of civilisations which hold a prominent place in the world. It would be a disastrous loss tocivilisation if it was proposed to withdraw all this to two corners of India and leave nothing behind the ruins and debris of this contribution. Such a proposal can only emanate from defeatistmentality. No, gentleman, the whole of India is our motherland and in every possible walk of lifewe are co-sharers with other inhabitants of the country as brothers in the same cause, viz., thefreedom of the country, and no false or defeatist sentiment can possibly persuade us to give upour proud position of being the equal sons of this great country.´Allah Baksh, while calling upon to guard against communalism, declared that the goal of theanti-communal movement must be, ´to build up a vigorous, healthy, progressive and honouredIndia enjoying its well-deserved freedom.´ These prophetic words of Allah Baksh hold key tothe salvation of India even today.



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